All bank accounts and deposits belonging to individuals and small businesses are insured. If the bank loses its license, then depositors are guaranteed to receive a refund for the amount established by law. How does it work deposit insurance system in Russia?
What is a deposit insurance system
The State Deposit Insurance System (DIS) was specially created to protect the rights of depositors of Russian banks. The work of CERs is regulated by the Law “On Insurance of Deposits in Banks of the Russian Federation”.
All Russian banks dealing with private money must be part of the CER. Participation in this program implies the payment by the bank of contributions to the Mandatory Deposit Insurance Fund (FOSV), from which payments are made in the event of insured events. You can check whether the bank is a CER member directly on the website of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation.
If suddenly the fund’s funds for payments are not enough, the missing funds will be directed from the federal budget or loans from the Central Bank of the Russian Federation.
The system is headed by the Deposit Insurance Agency (DIA), which operates under the control of the Government and the Bank of Russia, whose representatives are included in its governing bodies.
The DIA directly pays reimbursement to depositors, maintains a register of banks participating in DIS, oversees the formation of the Mandatory Deposit Insurance Fund and manages its funds.
When does the insured event occur?
An insured event is the revocation by the Bank of Russia of a license from a bank that is a participant in the CER, or the imposition of a moratorium in the bank on the satisfaction of creditors’ claims.
You can find out that the license revocation took place with your bank from the news (this does not happen so often, so there will be enough information), as well as on the Central Bank website.
What accounts and deposits are insured
CER insurance covers the deposits and accounts of all individuals and sole proprietors. Legal entities’ accounts are not insured.
Personal accounts and deposits that are protected by insurance:
- time and demand deposits, including foreign currency;
- current accounts for settlements with bank cards;
- registered savings certificates;
- funds on nominal accounts of guardians and trustees opened in favor of the wards;
- settlement and deposit accounts of individual entrepreneurs.
Money on escrow accounts is also insured if they are open for settlements under real estate purchase and sale transactions or equity construction contracts.
How much are the deposits insured for?
The maximum amount that a depositor can receive in the event of an insured event is 1.4 million rubles. This is the sum insured.
In simple words, if your deposit in the bank was 2 million rubles and the bank’s license was revoked, then 1.4 million will be guaranteed to you.Therefore, the optimal scheme for saving funds would be to open bank deposits in different banks for an amount not exceeding 1.4 million rubles to be guaranteed to get them back in the event of such a force majeure.
From October 2020, the amount of insurance payments can be officially increased to 10 million rubles. You can count on this if:
- sold an apartment, house, summer cottage or land plot on which there were some buildings;
- formalized the inheritance;
- received money by a court decision;
- you have been paid compensation for damage to life, health, or property;
- you received severance pay, compensation, or other payments under an employment contract;
- you have been transferred maternity capital, social benefits or benefits;
- you were given a grant in the form of a subsidy;
- money in escrow accounts in the case described above.
But there is a nuance for increased insurance payments – the payment is due only on the condition that the money has been credited to the account not earlier than three months before the bank’s license was revoked or a moratorium on payments on deposits was introduced.
What to do if the deposit amount exceeded 1.4 million rubles
You have the right to claim a full refund… To do this, you need to fill out the appropriate section in the application for compensation.
In the event of a moratorium, you can receive the remainder of the deposit after it is withdrawn. If the bank’s license was revoked and bankruptcy proceedings began, its assets will be sold, and these funds will also be directed to payments to the bank’s depositors and creditors. DIA will represent your interests in the course of liquidation. It is not required to confirm your right to claim the balance of deposits.